Naxos (Greece)

Roman aqueducts: Naxos (Greece) Chora (Naxos town) - NAXOS
For the photo's, see below
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In antiquity the area of Melanes was of great importance for the island of Naxos, both economically and culturally. Especially in the area around Flerio (east of Mili) large strata of good quality marble exists close to the surface, which promoted the development of Greek marble architecture and sculpture.
Flerio aqueduct
  1. Aqueduct construction
  2. Trench
  3. 1st phase of the aqueduct
  4. 2nd phase of the aqueduct
  5. Pipeline of clay pipes
  6. Earth filling / mud
The peak exploitation of the quarries occurred in the 7th and 6th century BCE. Some of the most impressive sculptures and buildings dating to this period on the islands of Naxos and Delos and elsewhere in Greece are linked to the work carried out in the ancient quarries of the Flerio area, where statues and other works are still preserved half-finished or in various stages of completion often called kouros, in this area the kouroi of Flerio and of Potamia.

The area was en still is also rich in water springs, which still feed the lush vegetation of the site. A goddess of fertility and heroes / patrons of the stonecutters were worshiped in a sanctuary in the area of the quarries and the ancient water springs. The stonecutters were the main visitors to the sanctuary.

The first aqueduct which conveyed water from the Flerio area to the capital of Naxos, 11 km long, was constructed in the late 6th century BCE and equipped with pipes. In the first century CE it was replaced by a masonry channel coated with water proof plaster, maintaining the course of its predecessor.
In the 4th century CE this masonry channel was replaced by a new one, running on or near the line of the former. This time the bottom of the channel was covered with square flat bricks. Excavated fragments of pots etc. show that the aqueduct remained in function until the 8th c CE.

Over 10 sections are now nicely displayed along the main road from Chora - the present capital of Naxos - to Kinidaros, see map below. One should start in the Flerio area, east of Mili, close to the place where the Kouros of Melanes was found. The GPS-coordinates below can be of help. For your preparations at home, put the coordinates in programs like Google Maps or Google Earth.
The texts of nearly all the information panels are collected in a seperate pdf-file called "The Flerio aqueduct of Naxos", see enclosure.

The Museum Collection in Kourounochori comprises exhibits found during the excavation of the ancient sanctuary at the Flerio water spring and research in the ancient Naxos aqueduct. One unit includes clay pipes of the ancient aqueduct. The exhibits are accompanied by information material. At present (October 2014) the museum is closed.

Wilke Schram


Location Latitude Longitude Altitude (m)
Start at Flerio
car park
37 05 05 25 27 00  
Entrance of tunnel37 05 1925 27 01204
Exit of tunnel 37 05 26 25 27 03 200
Parking lot 37 05 57 25 26 31  
Katsopirno 37 05 55 25 26 32 140
Leftera 37 05 59 25 26 29 131
Aimasos 37 05 58 25 26 24 120
Louroi 37 05 55 25 25 48 100
Faraggas 37 06 05 25 25 30 96
Agios Thalelaios 37 05 53 25 25 16 74
Agios Isidoros 37 05 18 25 24 32 65
Agios Stephanos
(Agidia)
37 06 00 25 23 33 40
Trani Fountana
(Chora)
37 06 28 25 22 42 9
Note: altitudes derived from Google Earth (Oktober 2014)


Chora (Naxos town) - NAXOS

Item Info
Length 11 km
Cross-section m x m
Volume ??
Fall 1,8 %
Period 6th c BCE / 1st c CE / 4th c CE
Features
  • Active until the 8th c CE
  • Tunnel 220 m long
  • at least 4 settling basins
  • final reservoir (ca 125 m3)



Recommended literature :
  • The Flerio aqueduct of Naxos (2014), see enclosure
  • A. Sfyroera and V. Lamprinoudakes: Conservation and display of the ancient aqueduct of Naxos (2010, in Greek), see website
Recommended websites   :
How to visit                  :     see GPS-coordinates above
HOME More literature on more aqueducts Last modified: October, 2014 - (webmaster)



Kouros of Melanes

Kouros of Potamia

Kouros of Apollonas

Map of the Flerio area

Flerio sanctuary

Flerio spring

Modern aqueduct

First visible remains

Settling basin

Entry of the tunnel

Exit of the tunnel

Minimal fall in tunnel

Settling basin

Katsipirno-I

Sinter in pipes

Katsopirno-II

Leftera

Aimasos

Block of sinter

Overview Aimasos

Substruction and channel(s)

Two aqueduct phases

Layer of sinter

Louroi

Also sinter here

Road to Faraggas

Agios Thalelaios

Roman dimensions

Culvert

Agios Isidoros

Ancient basilica

Roman channel at Agidia

The Roman aqueduct

Phases of the aqueduct

Settling basin

Pipes at Katsagra

Cistern under castle

Trani Fountana

Notches of ropes

Inside the Fountana

Present look

Modern well top

Notches

Ancient well top